Author: James, a slave of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ; the Lord's flesh brother (1:1; Matt. 13:55).
Time of Writing: Perhaps around A.D. 50, prior to the decline of the church, which is never alluded to in this book.
Place of Writing: Probably Jerusalem, from which James apparently never departed.
Recipients: The twelve tribes in dispersion (see 1:1 and notes 3 and 4).
Practical Christian Perfection
I. Introduction -- To the
Twelve Tribes in Dispersion
1 1James, a aslave of God and of the 2Lord Jesus Christ, to the 3twelve btribes in the 4cdispersion: 5Rejoice!
II. Practical Virtues
of Christian Perfection
A. Enduring Trials by Faith
2 Count it all ajoy, my bbrothers, whenever you fall into various 1ctrials,
3 Knowing that the aproving of your 1faith works out bendurance.
4 And let aendurance have its perfect work that you may be 1bperfect and entire, lacking in nothing.
5 But if any one of you lacks 1awisdom, let him 2bask of God, who gives to all 3liberally and does 4not reproach, and it will be given to him.
6 But let him ask in afaith, 1bdoubting nothing, for he who 1doubts is like the surge of the csea, driven by the dwind and tossed about.
7 For that man must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord;
8 He is a 1adouble-souled man, unstable in all his ways.
9 And let the lowly brother 1boast in his 2aexaltation,
10 And the 1rich in his being brought low, because like a aflower of the grass he will bpass away.
11 For the 1sun rises with its 2scorching heat and withers the agrass, and its flower falls off, and the bbeauty of its appearance is destroyed; so also the 3crich man will fade away in his pursuits.
12 aBlessed is the man who endures 1trial, because when he has become 2approved by testing, he will receive the 3bcrown of 4life, which He cpromised to those who 5dlove Him.
B. Resisting Temptation as God-born Ones
13 Let no one say when he is 1atempted, I am tempted 2of God; for God 3cannot be tempted of evil, and He Himself 4tempts no one.
14 But each one is tempted when he is drawn away and enticed by his own alusts;
15 Then the lust, having conceived, 1gives birth to sin; and the sin, when it is fully grown, brings forth adeath.
16 Do not be deceived, my beloved brothers.
17 All good 1giving and every perfect 1agift is from babove, coming down from the 2Father of lights, with whom is no 3cvariation or shadow cast by turning.
18 He 1abrought us forth by the 2word of btruth, 3purposing that we might be a kind of 4cfirstfruits of His creatures.
C. Living a God-fearing Life
by the Implanted Word according to
the Perfect Law of Freedom
19 1You know this, my beloved brothers; but let every man be quick to hear, 2slow to aspeak, slow to bwrath;
20 For the 1wrath of man does not accomplish the righteousness of God.
21 Therefore aputting away all bfilthiness and the abundance of malice, receive in cmeekness the 1implanted dword, which is able to 2save your souls.
22 And become adoers of the word and not bhearers only, who cdelude themselves.
23 Because if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a adoer, this one is like a man considering in a bmirror the face he was born with;
24 For he considers himself and goes away, and immediately forgets what kind of person he is.
25 But he who 1looks into the 2perfect law, the alaw of bfreedom, and continues in it, becoming not a forgetful hearer but a doer of the work, this one will be cblessed in his doing.
26 If anyone thinks himself to be 1religious and yet does 2not bridle his atongue but bdeceives his heart, this one's 1religion is vain.
27 This is pure and undefiled religion before our God and Father: to visit 1aorphans and widows in their affliction and to keep oneself 2unspotted from the 3world.