OF THE APOSTLES
Author: Luke; see note 31 in Luke 1.
Time of Writing: A.D. 67 or 68, after the Gospel of Luke was written (1:1).
Place of Writing: Perhaps Rome (cf. Philem. 24; 2 Tim. 4:11).
Recipient: Theophilus (1:1); see note 32 in Luke 1.
The Propagation of the Resurrected Christ
in His Ascension, by the Spirit, through the Disciples,
for the Producing of the Churches -- The Kingdom of God
1 The 1former account I have made, O 2Theophilus, concerning all the 3things that Jesus began both to do and to teach,
2 Until the day on which He was ataken up, after He had given bcommandment through the Holy 1Spirit to the capostles whom He chose;
II. The Preparation
A. Christ's Preparation
1. Speaking to the Disciples the Things
concerning the Kingdom of God
3 To whom also He 1presented Himself alive after His suffering by many irrefutable proofs, 2aappearing to them through a period of 3forty days and speaking the things concerning the 4kingdom of God.
2. Charging Them to Wait for the Baptism in the Holy Spirit
4 And as He 1met together with them, He charged them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the 2apromise of the Father, which, He bsaid, You heard from Me;
5 For John abaptized with 1water, but you shall be 2baptized in the Holy Spirit not many days from now.
6 So the ones who came together asked Him, saying, Lord, are You at this atime brestoring the 1kingdom to Israel?
7 But He said to them, It is not for you to know atimes or seasons which the Father has set by His own authority.
8 But you shall 1receive apower when the Holy bSpirit comes 2upon you, and you shall be My 3cwitnesses both in Jerusalem and in all dJudea and eSamaria and unto the futtermost part of the earth.
B. Christ's Ascension
9 And when He had said these things, while they were looking on, He was lifted up, and a cloud atook Him away from their sight.
10 And while they were looking intently into heaven as He went, behold, atwo men in bwhite clothing stood beside them,
11 Who also said, 1Men of aGalilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into 2heaven, will 3bcome in the 4same way as you 5beheld Him going into heaven.
C. The Disciples' Preparation
1. Persevering in Prayer
12 Then they returned to 1aJerusalem from the mount called bOlivet, which is near Jerusalem, a 2Sabbath day's journey away.
13 And when they entered, they went up to the aupper room where they were residing, bPeter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the 1Zealot and Judas the 2brother of James.
14 These all 1acontinued steadfastly 2with bone accord in 3prayer, together with the cwomen and 4Mary the dmother of Jesus, and with His brothers.
2. Choosing Matthias
15 And in those days aPeter stood up in the midst of the bbrothers and 1said (there was a group of persons gathered together, about a hundred and twenty),
16 1Men, brothers, the aScripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before through the mouth of David concerning bJudas, who became a guide to those who seized Jesus;
17 For he was anumbered among us and was allotted his portion of 1this bministry.
18 (Now this man acquired a piece of aland with the 1bwages of unrighteousness; and falling headlong, he burst in the middle, and all his inward parts gushed out.
19 And it became known to all those dwelling in Jerusalem, so that that piece of land was called in their own dialect, 1Akeldamach, that is, Field of 2Blood.)
20 For it is written in the book of Psalms, a"Let his habitation become desolate, and let no one dwell in it''; and, b"His overseership let another take.''
21 It is necessary therefore that of the men who accompanied us all the time in which the Lord Jesus awent in and went out 1among us,
22 Beginning from the baptism of aJohn until the day on which He was btaken up from us, one of these should become a cwitness of His 1dresurrection with us.
23 And they proposed two, Joseph, called aBarsabbas, who was surnamed bJustus, and Matthias.
24 And they aprayed and said, You Lord, Knower of the bhearts of all, show us clearly the one whom You have chosen of these two
25 To take the place of this ministry and aapostleship, from which Judas turned aside to bgo to his own place.
26 And they cast 1lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias; and he was counted with the eleven apostles.