II. The Revelation
of the Apostle's Gospel
A. God's Son versus Man's Religion
6 I marvel that you are so quickly 1removing from Him who has acalled you 2in the 3bgrace of Christ to a 4cdifferent gospel,
7 Which is 1not another gospel, only there are 2some who atrouble you and desire to 3pervert the gospel of Christ.
8 But if even we or an aangel out of heaven should announce to you a gospel beyond that which we have announced to you, let him be baccursed.
9 As we have said before, now also I say again, If anyone announces to you a gospel beyond that which you have received, let him be accursed.
10 For am I now 1trying to win the assent of men or of God? Or am I seeking to aplease men? If I were still trying to please men, I would not be a bslave of Christ.
11 For I make known to you, abrothers, concerning the bgospel announced by me, that it is cnot according to man.
12 For 1neither did I receive it from man, nor was I taught it, but I areceived it through a 2brevelation by Jesus Christ.
13 For you have heard of my manner of life aformerly in 1Judaism, that I bpersecuted the cchurch of God excessively and dravaged it.
14 And I aadvanced in Judaism beyond many contemporaries in my race, being more abundantly a bzealot for the 1ctraditions of my dfathers.
15 But when it apleased God, who 1set me apart 2from my mother's bwomb and 3ccalled me through His 4dgrace,
16 To 1areveal His 2bSon 3in me that I might announce 4Him as the gospel among the 5cGentiles, immediately I did 6not confer with 7dflesh and blood,
17 aNeither did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me, but I went away to 1bArabia and again returned to cDamascus.
18 Then after three years I went up to aJerusalem to 1visit bCephas, and I remained with him fifteen days.
19 But I saw none of the other apostles 1except aJames, the brother of the Lord.
20 Now concerning the things which I am writing to you, behold, before God, I am anot lying.
21 Then I went into the regions of 1aSyria and bCilicia.
22 Yet I was still 1unknown by face to the achurches of Judea, which are bin Christ.
23 But they 1only heard this: He who was formerly apersecuting us is now announcing as the gospel the 2bfaith which formerly he cravaged.
24 And they aglorified God because of me.
1 Then 1after a period of fourteen years I awent up again to Jerusalem with bBarnabas, taking cTitus with me also.
2 And I went up according to 1arevelation, and I laid before them the gospel which I proclaim among the bGentiles, but privately to those who were of crepute, dlest perhaps I should be erunning, or had run, in vain.
3 But 1not even Titus, who was with me, though he is a Greek, was compelled to be 2acircumcised;
4 And this, because of the 1afalse brothers, brought in bsecretly, who stole in to spy out our 2cfreedom which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into 3dslavery.
5 To them we yielded with the subjection demanded not even for an hour, that the 1atruth of the gospel might remain with you.
6 But from those who were areputed to be something -- whatever they were makes no difference to me; God does bnot accept man's person; for to me those who were of repute added nothing.
7 But on the contrary, seeing that I had been aentrusted with the gospel to the buncircumcision, even as cPeter with the gospel to the circumcision,
8 (For He who operated in Peter for the aapostleship to the circumcision operated also in me for the bGentiles),
9 And perceiving the agrace given to me, 1bJames and cCephas and dJohn, who were ereputed to be fpillars, gave to me and to gBarnabas the right hhand of ifellowship that we should go to the Gentiles, and they, to the circumcision.
10 Only they requested that we remember the apoor, which very thing I bwas also eager to do.
B. Christ Replacing the Law
11 But when aCephas came to bAntioch, I opposed him to his face because he stood condemned.
12 For before some came 1from aJames, he 2continually bate with the Gentiles; but when they came, he began to shrink back and separate himself, 3fearing those of the ccircumcision.
13 And the 1rest of the Jews also joined him in this 2hypocrisy, so that even 3aBarnabas was carried away in their hypocrisy.
14 But when I saw that they were not 1walking in a astraightforward way in relation to the btruth of the gospel, I said to cCephas dbefore them all, If you, being a Jew, 2elive like the Gentiles and not like the Jews, how is it that you compel the Gentiles to 3flive like the Jews?
15 We are aJews by nature and not bsinners from among the Gentiles;
16 And knowing that a man is not justified out of works of alaw, but through 1bfaith in Jesus Christ, we also have believed into Christ Jesus that we might be justified out of faith in Christ and not out of the works of law, because out of the works of law cno 2flesh will be justified.
17 But if, while seeking to be justified in Christ, we ourselves also have been found asinners, is then Christ a 1minister of sin? 2bAbsolutely not!
18 For if I 1build again the things which I have 2destroyed, I prove myself to be a transgressor.
19 For I 1through law have 2adied to law that I might 3blive to God.
20 I am 1acrucified with Christ; and it is 2no longer I who live, but it is 3bChrist who lives in me; and the 4life which I now live in the flesh I clive in 5faith, the dfaith 6of the 7Son of God, who 8eloved me and fgave Himself up for me.
21 I do not nullify the 1agrace of God; for if 2brighteousness is through law, then cChrist has died 3for nothing.
C. The Spirit by Faith in Christ
versus the Flesh by Works of Law
1. The Spirit Being the Blessing of the Promise
by Faith in Christ
1 O foolish aGalatians, bwho has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was openly portrayed 1ccrucified?
2 This only I wish to learn from you, Did you 1receive the 2aSpirit out of the 3bworks of law or out of the 3chearing of dfaith?
3 Are you so foolish? Having 1begun by the 2Spirit, are you now being 1perfected by the 2aflesh?
4 Have you 1asuffered so many things bin vain, if indeed it was in vain?
5 He therefore who 1bountifully asupplies to you the 2bSpirit and 3cdoes works of power among you, does He do it out of the 4dworks of law or out of the hearing of faith?
6 Even as 1a"Abraham bbelieved God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.''
7 Know then that they who are of 1afaith, these are 2bsons of Abraham.
8 And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would ajustify the Gentiles out of faith, announced the 1gospel beforehand to Abraham: b"In you shall all the nations be cblessed.''
9 So then they who are of 1afaith are 2blessed with 3believing Abraham.
10 For as many as are of the aworks of law are under a 1bcurse; for it is written, c"Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all the things written in the book of the law to do them.''
11 And that 1by law ano one is justified before God is evident because, b"The righteous one shall have life and clive 2by faith'';
12 But the law is not of faith, yet, a"He who does them shall live 1because of them.''
13 Christ has aredeemed us out of the bcurse of the law, having 1become a curse on our behalf; because it is written, c"Cursed is every one hanging on a 2dtree'';
14 In order that the 1ablessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles bin Christ Jesus, that we might 2creceive the dpromise of the 3eSpirit through ffaith.
2. The Law Being the Custodian
of the Heirs of the Promise
15 Brothers, I speak aaccording to man, though it is a man's covenant, yet when it has been ratified, no one nullifies it or makes additions to it.
16 But ato Abraham were the bpromises spoken and cto his seed. He does not say, "And to the seeds,'' as concerning many, but as concerning one: "And to your dseed,'' who is 1eChrist.
17 And I say this: A 1covenant previously ratified by God, the 2law, having come 3afour hundred and thirty years after, does not annul so as to make the bpromise of none effect.
18 For if the 1ainheritance is of law, it is no longer of promise; but to Abraham God has graciously given it through bpromise.
19 Why then the alaw? It was 1added because of the btransgressions until the cseed should come to whom the promise was made, it being 2ordained through dangels in the hand of a 3emediator.
20 But a 1amediator is not a mediator for one, but God is bone.
21 Is then the law against the promises of God? aAbsolutely not! For if a law had been given which was able to 1give life, 2brighteousness would have indeed been of law.
22 But the Scripture has 1ashut up 2all under bsin in order that the cpromise out of 3dfaith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who ebelieve.
23 But before 1afaith came we were 2bguarded cunder law, being 3dshut up 4unto the 1afaith which was to be revealed.
24 So then the alaw has become our 1child-conductor unto bChrist that we might be justified out of cfaith.
25 But since afaith has come, we are 1no longer bunder a child-conductor.
26 For you are all 1asons of God through 2bfaith cin Christ Jesus.
27 For as many of you as were abaptized 1into Christ have bput on Christ.
28 There 1cannot be 2aJew nor Greek, there cannot be 3slave nor free man, there cannot be 4bmale and female; for you are all 5cone din Christ Jesus.
29 And if you are of aChrist, then you are 1Abraham's bseed, cheirs according to 2dpromise.
3. The Spirit of Sonship
Replacing the Custody of the Law
1 But I say, As long as the aheir is a 1child, he does not differ at all from a bslave, though he is lord of all;
2 But he is aunder 1bguardians and cstewards until the 2dtime appointed by the father.
3 So also we, when we were children, were kept in aslavery under the 1belements of the world;
4 But when the 1fullness of the atime came, God bsent forth His cSon, born of a 2dwoman, born under 3elaw,
5 That He might 1aredeem those under law that we might receive the 2bsonship.
6 And because you are asons, God has bsent forth the 1cSpirit of His Son into our 2hearts, 3crying, 4dAbba, Father!
7 So then you are 1no longer a aslave but a son; and if a 2son, an 3bheir also 4through God.
4. Christ Needing to Be Formed
in the Heirs of Promise
8 However at that time, anot knowing God, you were bslaves to the cgods which by 1nature are not gods;
9 But now, having come to aknow God, or rather having been bknown by God, how is it that you turn again to the cweak and poor delements, to which you desire to 1be eenslaved yet again?
10 You observe 1adays and 2months and 3seasons and 4years;
11 I fear for you, alest I have labored upon you in 1vain.
12 Become 1as I am, because I also am 2as you are, brothers, I beseech you; you have 3not wronged me at all.
13 And you know that 1because of weakness of my flesh I aannounced the gospel to you the first time.
14 And that which was a trial to you in my flesh you did not despise nor 1loathe, but you areceived me as an bangel of God, indeed as Christ Jesus.
15 Where then is 1your felicitation? For I testify concerning you that if possible you would have plucked out your 2eyes and given them to me.
16 So then have I become your enemy by presenting the atruth to you?
17 They are 1azealous of you, but 2not rightly; but they desire to 3shut you out that you may be 4zealous of them.
18 But it is always good to be zealous in a good thing, and 1not only awhen I am present with you.
19 My 1achildren, with whom I 2btravail again in birth until 3cChrist is 4formed din you,
20 Indeed, I wish I could be present with you now and 1change my 2tone because I am 3perplexed about you.
5. The Children Born according to the Spirit
versus the Children Born according to the Flesh
21 1Tell me, you who desire to be 2aunder the law, do you not hear the 3law?
22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, aone of the bmaidservant and cone of the dfree woman.
23 However the one of the maidservant was born 1according to the aflesh, but the one of the free woman was born 1through bpromise.
24 These things are spoken allegorically, for 1these women are 2two acovenants, one from 3bMount Sinai, bringing forth children unto 4cslavery, which is 5dHagar.
25 Now this Hagar is Sinai the mountain in aArabia and corresponds to the 1bJerusalem which now is, for she 2is in 3cslavery with her children.
26 But the 1aJerusalem above is free, which is our mother;
27 For it is written, a"Rejoice, barren one who does not bear; break forth and shout, you who are not travailing, because 1many are the children of her who is 2desolate rather than of her who has her husband.''
28 But you, brothers, in the way aIsaac was, are 1children of bpromise.
29 But just as at that time he who was born 1according to the aflesh 2bpersecuted him who was born 1according to the 3cSpirit, dso 4also it is now.
30 But what does the Scripture say? a"Cast out the bmaidservant and her son, for the 1son of the maidservant shall by cno means inherit with the 2son of the dfree woman.''
31 So then, brothers, we are 1not children of the maidservant but aof the free woman.